Native Maryland Plants

The best way to have a yard that is sustainable and looks beautiful all year round is to plant native plants. Of course we can suggest a list of great plants that will beautify your lawn and be easy to care for. If you prefer to head to the nursery on your own, look for these plants:
Fern:
Dennstaedtia punctilobula – hay-scented fern

Grasses or Grasslike Plants:
Andropogon virginicus – broomsedge
Elymus canadensis – Canada wild rye
Elymus hystrix – bottlebrush grass
Panicum amarum – coastal panic grass
Schizachyrium scoparium – little bluestem
Sorghastrum nutans – Indiangrass

Herbaceous Plants and Groundcovers:
Asclepias syriaca – common milkweed
Asclepias tuberosa – butterflyweed
Aster laevis – smooth blue aster
Aster novae-angliae – New England aster
Aster pilosus – white heath aster
Baptisia tinctoria – wild indigo
Chrysopsis mariana – Maryland golden aster
Coreopsis tinctoria – tickseed sunflower
Coreopsis verticillata – threadleaf coreopsis
Desmodium paniculatum – panicled tick-trefoil
Eupatorium fistulosum – Joe-Pye weed
Heliopsis helianthoides – ox-eye sunflower
Liatris graminifolia – grass-leaf blazingstar
Monarda fistulosa – wild bergamot
Monarda punctata – horsemint
Rudbeckia hirta – black-eyed Susan
Saxifraga virginiensis – early saxifrage
Silene stellata – starry campion
Sisyrinchium graminoides – blue-eyed grass
Solidago caesia – blue-stem goldenrod
Solidago nemoralis – gray goldenrod
Solidago rigida – rigid goldenrod
Solidago speciosa – showy goldenrod
Viola pedata – bird’s foot violet

Shrubs (low):
Hypericum densiflorum – dense St. John’s wort
Rosa carolina – pasture rose
Rubus allegheniensis – Allegheny blackberry
Viburnum acerifolium – maple-leaved arrowwood
Shrubs (medium):
Aronia arbutifolia – red chokeberry
Hamamelis virginiana – witch hazel
Rhus aromatica – fragrant sumac
Rhus glabra – smooth sumac
Vaccinium corymbosum – highbush blueberry
Viburnum dentatum – southern arrowwood
Shrubs (tall):
Ilex decidua – possom haw
Kalmia latifolia – mountain laurel (evergreen)
Rhus copallina – shining sumac
Rhus typhina – staghorn sumac
Trees (small/medium):
Chionanthus virginicus – white fringetree
Crataegus crus-galli – cockspur hawthorn
Juniperus virginiana – eastern redcedar (evergreen)
Prunus americana – American wild plum
Trees (tall):
Carya glabra – pignut hickory
Diospyros virginiana – common persimmon
Nyssa sylvatica – black gum, sourgum
Pinus echinata – shortleaf pine (evergreen)
Pinus rigida – pitch pine (evergreen)
Pinus strobus – white pine (evergreen)
Pinus virginiana – Virginia pine (evergreen)
Quercus prinus (montana) – chestnut oak
Quercus rubra – northern red oak
Quercus velutina – black oak
Robinia pseudoacacia – black locust

Vines:
Campsis radicans – trumpet creeper
Clematis virginiana – virgin’s bower
Lonicera sempervirens – coral honeysuckle

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